Congenital Heart Disease: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Cardiologists in Jaipur define “Congenital Heart Disease” as a heart abnormality present at the time of birth. In simple terms, congenital heart disease means a child’s heart has some complications or problem at the time when is born. It can be a small hole in the heart or something even more serious which can affect the child’s heart walls, heart valves and blood vessels. Congenital heart defects are of numerous types which can range from simple conditions which shows no symptoms to complex ones which cause severe, life-threatening symptoms.


Let’s get deeper into it and know about its symptoms, causes and treatment explained by top cardiologists in Jaipur.


Symptoms of Congenital Heart Disease:


Congenital heart disease is detectable during a pregnancy ultrasound. If during the ultrasound, a doctor hears an abnormal heartbeat, then he would do certain tests like echocardiogram, chest X-ray or an MRI scan to confirm the reason behind the abnormal heartbeat. Mostly, congenital heart disease symptoms appear sometime after birth, which is visible in newborns as follows:


  • Lips, fingers, skin and toes turning blue in colour.

  • Facing trouble in breathing or breathlessness.

  • Feeding difficulties.

  • Low weight during birth.

  • Chest pain.

  • Delay in growth or maturity.


In some cases, symptoms may not even appear until adulthood or even beyond. But once they appear, they may include the following:


  • Abnormal heart rhythms.

  • Dizziness.

  • Swelling.

  • Trouble breathing.

  • Fatigue.

  • Fainting.


Causes Behind Congenital Heart Disease:


Congenital heart disease is the result of a problem in the heart’s structure at a very early stage. This disease interferes with the normal flow of blood through the heart, which leads to breathing problems. Though medical researchers and cardiologists have not yet found the exact cause of default or abnormal heart growth, they suspect the following reasons to be the root cause:


  • Hereditary heart defect in the family like genes or chromosomes problems in the child such as Down Syndrome.

  • Intake of certain prescribed drugs during pregnancy increases the risk of causing a heart defect in the child’s heart.

  • Consumption of alcohol or illegal drugs during the pregnancy period increases the child’s risk of developing a heart defect.

  • Women suffering from a viral infection like rubella during the first trimester of pregnancy have more chances to give birth to a child with a heart defect.

  • High blood sugar levels like diabetes, may affect childhood growth.


Treatment For Congenital Heart Disease:


Depending on the severity and the type of disease, the treatment to remove the defect is performed. Some children may have a mild defect which heals on its own with time. But, some may have severe defects that require extensive treatment even surgeries. These extensive treatments are as follows:


  1. Medications– Various medicines are prescribed which makes the heart work and more efficiently with the passage of time. Some medicines can even prevent the formation of blood clots or controlling of an irregular heartbeat.


  1. Implantable Heart Devices– Certain devices are available to control such diseases like pacemakers, which is helpful in regulating an abnormal heartbeat and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICDs), which corrects life-threatening irregular heartbeats.


  1. Catheter Procedures– By using catheterization techniques and procedures. A doctor is able to repair certain congenital heart disease without performing open heart surgeries. This procedure includes insertion of a thin tube into a vein in the leg, which is guided up to reach the heart. Once the catheter reaches the correct position, the doctors with the help of small tools to thread through the catheter to remove the disease.


  1. Open-Heart Surgery– Open heart surgery is only applied if the catheter techniques fail to correct the defect. Open heart surgery is performed by the surgeons to close the holes in the heart, to repair heart valves and to widen blood vessels.


  1. Heart Transplant– In cases where congenital heart disease is not treatable by any of the above treatments, then the only option left is a heart transplant. Heart transplant means a child’s defective heart is replaced by a healthy heart received from an organ donor.


For more information in this context and to book an appointment with best cardiologists in Jaipur, contact Credihealth.


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Very useful information.thanks whole team.

Very informative and useful information.

Ati sunder I am very happy

Nyc to see ananya with disha mam

God bless you.....beta

Nice to see you Disha. Very informative

Due to cold my ears are blocked what do you suggest?

Plz tell d number again i want to call

बहुत बढिया

Pls suggest for kids with adenoids

बहुत अच्छे।

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